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Shapi KAZIEV, Igor KARPEEV


EVERYDAY LIFE OF THE CAUCASIAN HIGHLANDERS. THE 19th CENTURY

«Molodaya gvardia» publishers. Moscow, 2003 г

 

Gorci.  Gorci_anigif

The book opens to the reader a picturesque panorama of life of the peoples of Northern Caucasus in XIX century. On the basis of various ethnographic and historical materials the authors tell about original culture and ancient customs, about the society and family, unique arts and crafts, costumes and food, holidays and entertainments, medicine and long-livers, and also about other parties of highlanders life.

On scope by that and variety of materials the edition has no analogues and represents the original encyclopaedia about Highlanders of Northern Caucasus


Сontents


 

I. THE COUNTRY OF MOUNTAINS

AND MOUNTAIN OF LANGUAGES

The Caucasian polyphony                       

Where peoples lived               

History with a demography             

Northern neighbours             

Russian writers about highlanders

                    

 

II. KHANS, SLAVES And FREE highlanders


Governors and their possession            

In Circassia  

In Karachay               

In Balkaria             

In Kabarda               

In Ossetia                 

In the Chechenia and Ingushetia                    

In Dagestan           

In Abkhazia                

Princely people                

Slaves patriarchal and trophy               

Clergy                        

Uzden - means free                 

Free societies                      

Imamat

Post-war management on Caucasus            

Clearing of dependent estates               

Abolition of feudal possession               

               

 

III. FAMILY

Wedding customs                     

Birth of children                

Health of mother and the baby               

Name for the child  

Trimming              

Education of children 

Divorces                  

Mourning ceremonies

   Inheritance               

                      

IV. FROM WHAT YOU OF A TRIBE?

Tribal community               

National assembly                     

Elders                       

Council of foremen                  

   The unions of rural communities  

           

 

V. THE LAW AND COURT

Adats                      

Blood feud                  

Code of Shamil                

New laws                   

Abreks

 

VI. GIFTS OF THE CAUCASIAN NATURE

The earth of highlanders

From sowing to a crop                

Herds on the Alpine meadows                     

Rams

Goats             

Cows and buffaloes            

Donkeys and camels             

Horses              

Dogs                     

Hunting, fishing and gathering of honey Riches of bowels                 

Petroleum                      

Coal            

Salt             

Silver                  

 

 

VII. CRAFTS

Mountain masters 

Jeweller art

Gun makers             

Cold steel              

Fire-arms                

Processing of metals                    

To the Caucasian burka bullets are not terrible

Work in far places  


VIII. TRADE

What changed and as traded                   

Fairs                  

What money were in mountains

   Mountain measures

 

IX. Architecture

Homes on rocksх                  

 

X. CLOTHES

Man's suit                

Lady's wear and ornaments 

 

XI. CAUCASIAN cuisine

Highlander’s food                       

The Abkhazian toast

 

XII. RELIGIONS AND BELIEFS

Islam                       

Muslim holidays                      

Calendars               

Christianity                     

Judaism

Echoes of ancient beliefs               

Cults of animals              

   Cult of fertility   

 

 

XIII. MAGIC CEREMONIES


Guess-work                   

Protection against black magic

        

 

XIV. DOCTORS AND HEALTH

Mountain medicine             

Long-livers                       

The Caucasian yoga  

 

XV. TRADITIONS


Rules of behaviour

Hospitality                

 

XVI. HOLIDAYS AND ENTERTAINMENTS

National festivals               

Games and competitions            

Rope-walkers                      

   Horse competitions    


XVII. MUSIC


Musical instruments                    

Singers and songs                   

Dances                      

Performances
 

 

XVIII. THE EPOS AND FOLKLORE

Nart’s epos                     

Love lyrics              

Fairy tales                      

Parables                     

Jokes                

Proverbs and sayings              

Riddles                    

Oaths                     

Damnations               

Kind wishes 

Signs                 


 

XIX. THE SCIENCE AND EDUCATION


Education                 

Writing                    

Secular schools and libraries               

Newspapers, magazines and books 


SOURCES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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